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J Occup Environ Med. 2010 Jan;52(1):1-7. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181c559ea.

Divergent influence of different type A dimensions on job strain and effort-reward imbalance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland. taina.hintsa@helsinki.fi

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We examined whether different Type A behavior dimensions have divergent influence on work stress.

METHODS:

The sample comprised 752 participants from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Data were collected by questionnaires. Type A behavior was reported in subjects' adolescence and adulthood, and work stress was reported in adulthood. Work stress was measured according to Karasek's job demands-job control model and Siegrist's effort-reward imbalance (ERI).

RESULTS:

High leadership predicted lower job strain. High hard-driving predicted higher job strain. High leadership predicted lower ERI in 2001 and higher reward at work. High aggression, hard-driving, and eagerness-energy predicted ERI.

CONCLUSIONS:

Leadership predicted low work stress, whereas high hard-driving seemed to predispose the employee to work stress. The current findings add to the work stress literature by showing a divergent influence of different Type A dimensions on work stress.

PMID:
20042886
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181c559ea
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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