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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010 Aug;36(8):1237-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2010.05.003. Epub 2010 Jul 3.

Tracking of noninvasive ultrasound measurements of subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood: findings from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.

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  • 1Research Center of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.


We examined tracking of ultrasound measurements of vascular structure and function in adulthood using data collected in the 2001 and 2007 follow-ups of Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. B-mode ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), carotid artery distensibility (CDist) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) was obtained on 1809 apparently healthy Finnish adults aged 24 to 39 years in 2001 (1014 females; 795 males). Significant 6-year tracking was observed for IMT (males, r = 0.56; females, r = 0.46), CDist (males, r = 0.35; females, r = 0.36) and FMD (males, r = 0.23; females, r = 0.20). Subjects with 10-year risk of CVD (according to the SCORE risk score) above sex-specific median had improved IMT (r = 0.44; r = 0.57, p = 0.0001) and CDist (r = 0.31; r = 0.40, p = 0.03) tracking compared with those below median. Body mass index (BMI) >or= 30 kg/m(2) decreased tracking of CDist (r = 0.36; r = 0.19, p = 0.01). In conclusion, ultrasound measurements tracked low to moderate over 6-years and was influenced by cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor status.

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