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Ann Med. 2010 Dec;42(8):612-21. doi: 10.3109/07853890.2010.515243. Epub 2010 Sep 8.

Systemic hemodynamics in young adults with the metabolic syndrome: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Physiology, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.



We conducted the present study to examine associations of three different metabolic syndrome (MetS) definitions and their components to arterial stiffness, systemic vascular resistance, and left ventricular function at population level. In addition, the objective of the study was to examine associations of spontaneous recovery from MetS over 6 years' follow-up to systemic hemodynamics.


The study population consisted of 1,741 Finnish young adults (aged 30-45 years) who had complete MetS risk factor and hemodynamic data available at 2007. Associations of spontaneous recovery from MetS to systemic hemodynamics was studied on a subpopulation of 1,391 subjects who had also complete MetS risk factor data available at 2001. Hemodynamic measurements were performed using a whole-body impedance cardiography device.


MetS and increasing number of MetS components were associated with lower stroke index (P < 0.001) and higher systemic vascular resistance index (P < 0.005) and arterial pulse wave velocity (P < 0.005). In MetS persistent group, stroke index was lower (P = 0.024), and pulse wave velocity was higher (P = 0.003) compared to MetS recovery group.


All current MetS definitions identify young adults with altered systemic hemodynamics, and recovery from MetS is associated with a favorable hemodynamic profile.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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