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Ann Med. 2010 Dec;42(8):603-11. doi: 10.3109/07853890.2010.514284. Epub 2010 Sep 14.

Adiponectin is related with carotid artery intima-media thickness and brachial flow-mediated dilatation in young adults--the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.

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  • 1Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.



Adiponectin may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated the relation of adiponectin on early functional and structural markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in a large population-based cohort of young men and women.


We measured serum adiponectin using radioimmunoassay in 2,147 young adults (ages 24-39 years) participating in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. The subjects had ultrasound data on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), carotid artery elasticity (n = 2,139) and brachial flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) (n = 1,996). In univariate analysis, adiponectin was inversely associated with IMT (r = -0.16, P < 0.0001) and directly with FMD (r = 0.12, P < 0.0001) and carotid elasticity (r = 0.20, P < 0.0001). The associations for IMT and FMD remained significant in multivariable models adjusted for age, sex, obesity indices, serum lipids, blood pressure, leptin, glucose, and C-reactive protein: IMT (β = -0.018 ± 0.005, P = 0.0002) and FMD (β = 0.72 ± 0.25, P = 0.004). The relation between adiponectin and carotid elasticity attenuated to non-significant after adjusting for waist circumference and systolic blood pressure.


In young healthy adults, low serum adiponectin concentration is independently related with increased carotid IMT and attenuated brachial FMD, supporting the role of adiponectin in the pathogenesis of early atherosclerosis.

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