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Ambio. 2017 Jul 14. doi: 10.1007/s13280-017-0931-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Threatened fish and fishers along the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Coast.

Author information

  • 1CAPESCA, NEPA, UNICAMP SP, Rua Albert Einstein 291, Campinas, SP, 13083-852, Brazil. alpinab@uol.com.br.
  • 2ECOMAR UNISANTA, Santos, SP, Brazil. alpinab@uol.com.br.
  • 3Fisheries and Food Institute, Campinas, Brazil. alpinab@uol.com.br.
  • 4Institute for Nature Management, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus.
  • 5Fisheries and Food Institute, Campinas, Brazil.
  • 6Federal University of West of Pará, Campus Oriximiná, Oriximiná, PA, Brazil.
  • 7Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.
  • 8CAPESCA, NEPA, UNICAMP SP, Rua Albert Einstein 291, Campinas, SP, 13083-852, Brazil.
  • 9Departament of Ecology, Fishing Ecology, Management and Economics Group, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil.
  • 10Dep. Ecologia and PPG Ecologia UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

Small-scale fisheries of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Coast (BAFC) depend on fish resources for food and income. Thus, if the catch diminishes or if fish species that are a target for fishers are overexploited or impacted, this could affect fishers' livelihoods. The exclusion of threatened fish species from the catch is believed to be a threat to small-scale fisheries, which is likely to be the case along the BAFC. Many fish species are currently listed as threatened or vulnerable, whereas there is not enough biological information available to determine the status of the majority of the other species. Failure to protect the BAFC biodiversity might negatively impact fishers' income and the regional economy of local small-scale fisheries. We collected data from 1986 to 2009 through 347 interviews and 24-h food recall surveys at seven southeastern coastal sites of the Atlantic Forest. We show that important species of consumed fish are currently threatened: of the 65 species mentioned by fishers as the most consumed fishes, 33% are decreasing and 54% have an unknown status. Thus, biological and ecological data for BAFC marine species are urgently needed, along with co-management, to promote fish conservation.

KEYWORDS:

Biodiversity; Coastal; Conservation evaluation; Fish; Fishing; Littoral; Ocean

PMID:
28710567
PMCID:
PMC5639802
[Available on 2018-12-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s13280-017-0931-9
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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