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ACS Med Chem Lett. 2017 Sep 22;8(10):1122-1127. doi: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00346. eCollection 2017.

Discovery of Mechanism-Based Inactivators for Human Pancreatic Carboxypeptidase A from a Focused Synthetic Library.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, United States.
  • 2Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Biociències, and Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain.

Abstract

Metallocarboxypeptidases (MCPs) are involved in many biological processes such as fibrinolysis or inflammation, development, Alzheimer's disease, and various types of cancer. We describe the synthesis and kinetic characterization of a focused library of 22 thiirane- and oxirane-based potential mechanism-based inhibitors, which led to discovery of an inhibitor for the human pro-carboxypeptidase A1. Our structural analyses show that the thiirane-based small-molecule inhibitor penetrates the barrier of the pro-domain to bind within the active site. This binding leads to a chemical reaction that covalently modifies the catalytic Glu270. These results highlight the importance of combined structural, biophysical, and biochemical evaluation of inhibitors in design strategies for the development of spectroscopically nonsilent probes as effective beacons for in vitro, in cellulo, and/or in vivo localization in clinical and industrial applications.

KEYWORDS:

Carboxypeptidase A; X-ray crystallography; mechanism-based inactivators; thiiranes

PMID:
29057062
PMCID:
PMC5641956
[Available on 2018-10-12]
DOI:
10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00346
[PubMed]
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